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Memories of Another day

Memories of Another day
While my Parents Pulin babu and Basanti devi were living

Monday, March 30, 2009

Two Ministers and an Ex Minister, the Leftist and rightist FACES of Indian political Economy

Two Ministers and an Ex Minister, the Leftist and rightist FACES of Indian political Economy

Troubled Galaxy Destroyed Dreams: Chapter 191

Palash Biswas

Congress, BJP will form joint govt, says Govindacharya
Hindu - ‎4 hours ago‎
Kota (PTI): At a time when poltical alliances are fragmenting, a social reformer has recommended a unified goverment of the Congress and BJP.
BJP launches two TV ad campaigns for LS polls Business Standard
What recession? Indian political parties are flush with funds Economic Times - Calcutta Telegraph - Indopia - Daily News & Analysis
all 80 news articles »

Draft communique for G20 summit
Reuters - ‎3 hours ago‎
(Reuters) - The leaders of the Group of Twenty (G20) leading and emerging nations will agree at a summit on Thursday to refrain from currency moves that would hurt each other's economies, according to a draft statement.
Protests gain momentum ahead of G-20
Pressure on leaders ahead of G20 summit BBC News
Wall Street Journal - - CNN - Hindu
all 4,043 news articles »
Gradual opening up of sector to foreign banks
Business Standard - ‎1 hour ago‎
The committee on financial sector assessment (CFSA), headed by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Deputy Governor Rakesh Mohan, has favoured a process of gradual opening up of the sector to for foreign banks.
Panel: foreign banks' entry must be gradual Reuters India
8 per cent growth sustainable in medium term: Govt. panel Hindu - Press Trust of India - Wall Street Journal - Economic Times
all 36 news articles »

Arun Shourie on Terrorism (Part 1)

Arun shourie at program conducted by BJP Karnataka.

Arun Shourie on Terrorism 2

Interview with Arun Shourie

Arun Jaitley in Devil"s Advocate(Part 1)

Arun Shourie Part 1


BBC News
Obama Issues Ultimatum to Carmakers
New York Times - ‎1 hour ago‎
Pictured left to right with President Obama: Ray lahood, transportation secretary, Timothy F. Geithner, treasury secretary, Edward Montgomery, the newly designated Director of Recovery for Auto Communities and Workers, and Gary Locke, ...
Obama Outlines Tough Terms For Auto Industry Aid Voice of America
Canada says Chrysler/GM asked for up to C$11.5 bln Reuters
The Associated Press - - AFP - Bloomberg
all 7,724 news articles »

ABC News
New Afghan Strategy Elicits Hope, Anxiety
Voice of America - ‎58 minutes ago‎
By Barry Newhouse The Obama administration's new proposal for strengthening the Afghan government, training more security forces and ending the country's grinding insurgency is a key focus at meetings this week in Europe.
US won't hunt militants over Pakistan border: Obama AFP
Obama's 'New' Afghanistan Strategy FOXNews
Radio Australia - Hindu - Hindustan Times -
all 7,393 news articles »

BBC News
Alleged gunman's wife worked at nursing home, police say
CNN International - ‎38 minutes ago‎
(CNN) -- A man accused of killing eight people in a shooting spree at a North Carolina nursing home is the husband of a woman who worked there, police said Monday.
Motive still open in nursing home rampage; 8 dead The Associated Press
Gunman’s Wife Worked at Nursing Home He Attacked New York Times
BBC News - - AFP - Xinhua
all 2,231 news articles »

Our FRIEND and guide, the Marxist Minister and Poet from Tripura has written another poem and thsi time on Matua mobilisation after Chandal movement.

I am fortunate that he chose me to rang and recite the poem for dalit liberation.

In fact, he rang me twice today to tell that only the Ideology of Harichand and Guruchand along with Marxism and ambedkar ideology may help us to achieve SALVATION. While Manjul Thakur, the younger son of PR THAKUR despises Marxists as well as AMBEDKARITES.

The Present Matua fllowing belives in MYTHS and Legends of INCARNATION and pleads the movement as a RELIGIOUS one disassociating from its Legacy of Chandal Movement, the Untouchability Abolishment Movement, Indigo revolt, Tebhaga and Peasnt uprising in Bengal, GURUCHAND THAKUR, JOGENDRA NATH MANDAL, Mukund bihari Mallick and AMBEDKAR links, Guruchand`s contribution to the Fisrs time RESERVATION of 21 Scheduled castes right in 1909 in Bengal, the Demand of Charter addressed to BRITISH QUEEN by Guruchand Thakur and Mukund Bihari Mallick with the DEMAND of SEPARATE ELECTORATE for untouchables in India in 1911 even before the emergence of Dr BR Ambedkar in 1916 which was folowed up by constitution of SOUTH BORROUGH COMMISSION in 1919 and later SIMON Commission and the COMMUNAL AWARD!

Matuas disassociates from the tradition of COMPLETE Rejection of VEDIC RELIGION and retuals based on Brahaminical system and Untouchability based on GRADED caste system! The matuas have adopted VEDIC RELIGION, rituals and BRAHAMINICAL Psyche so the FORE Father of Harichand Thakur and Guruchand Thakur is being described a MAITHILI Brahamin rejecting the UNTOUCHABL CHANDAL Origin!

The matuas also reject the achievement of Guruchand Thakur to count the scheduled castes separately in 1911 census!

The AWAKIENING, Empowerment, ORGANISATION, Political power, Women and children welfare, land Reforms, education agenda, economic progrramme and so on , do not find any space in Matua priority since PR Thakur joined CONGRESS and OPPOSED DR AMBEDKAR.

Matuas suffer from DEMENTIA and this DEMENTIA is GLORIFIED by LEFT as well as RIGHT Politics! And it is never meant social Empowerment or awakening or Dalit liberation! All it means RELIGION which is followed by the Marxist Ministers as well!

Anilda faced heavy CRITICISM within the party while he wrote poems on MAYAWATI!

The Marxist minister from Tripura visted THAKUR Nagar on the day while Marxist minister fro West Bengal SUBHASH CHAKRABARTI visited the MATUA HOLY Place

The day when Manjul Thakur rejected the proposal of GOVT take over of the PILGRIMAGE management!

Former Union Disinvestment Minister Arun Shourie vsited KOLKATA Today and declared that the economic slowdown in India preceded global meltdown due to stoppage of reforms by the UPA Government!Shourie, who was the disinvestment minister during the BJP-led NDA regime, said the slowdown in India is seen in specific sectors like textiles where lakhs of jobs were lost. Shourie expressed fears that the fiscal deficit as a proportion to the GDP was likely to touch 13 per cent to 14 per cent in 2009-10.

It is peculiar coincidence that I have to write on the Ministers while talking about latest UPDATES from the Geo Politics as Lahore also witnessed a TERRORIST attack jsut after US president barrrack Obama decalred India, china and Iran to be the Partners in war Against TERROR and INDO US ZIONIST Strategic alliance and DEFENCE Deal realities are exposed very well.

Oil prices tumbled below $49 a barrel on Monday as unease about the economy - from Asia to America - raised doubts about the global appetite for energy.Benchmark crude for May delivery fell nearly 7 percent, or $3.48, to $48.90 on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

In London, Brent prices fell $3.53 to $48.45 a barrel on the ICE Futures exchange.

Gasoline futures plunged. Most energy-market analysts found no fundamental reason for a rally this month that pushed oil prices from $40 per barrel to more than $50. Crude inventories continue to build even with OPEC cutting production and domestic producers suspending oil projects.

Oil prices have moved higher as a spate of positive economic news heartened investors. Just last week, markets rallied behind word of a new plan to resolve the nation's banking crisis and a report that consumer spending rose in February for a second straight month.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries has promised to slash production by 4.2 million barrels per day, but analysts are at odds about the level of compliance by OPEC members.

JBC Energy in Vienna cited data from tanker-tracking agency Petrologistics showing that March crude oil production from 11 OPEC nations would total 25.9 million barrels a day, more than 1 million barrels higher than the group's implied output ceiling of 24.845 million barrels a day.

Comments Monday by Qatar's oil minister suggested OPEC members may be facing a new reality because of a widespread recession. Abdullah bin Hamad al-Attiyah said he was ``OK'' with crude prices around $50 a barrel for 2009 and was ``trying to be more pragmatic'' regarding the global crisis and its effects on oil prices.

Just two weeks ago as OPEC ministers gathered in Vienna, Austria, there was still talk of $70 oil.

In other Nymex trading, gasoline for April delivery tumbled 9.7 cents to $1.3911 a gallon while heating oil slipped 7 cents to $1.3628 a gallon. Natural gas for May delivery fell 1.2 cents to $3.725 per 1,000 cubic feet.

Terror struck Lahore for the second time in a month on Monday when heavily armed gunmen stormed a police academy near Lahore killing at least 27 policemen in an eight-hour siege that ended with four terrorists being shot dead and six captured alive by security forces.
Clad in police uniform, the terrorists, numbering 10, attacked the academy at 7 a.m. and lobbed grenades and opened indiscriminate fire as trainees prepared for the morning drill, killing guards at the gate.

The audacious attack comes barely a month after the bus of the Sri Lankan cricket team was ambushed by terrorists on March 3 here leaving eight people dead. Six cricketers sustained injuries in the attack.

Mind you, First World war DEBTS and REPARATION charged to Germany and Protectionism introduced by USA followed by West caused the great recession in 1929. WESTERN countries including United Kingdom, Italy and France practiced APPEASEMENT policy for the NAZI HITLER hoping that Germany would STOP Export of communism to the West. Later Anti COMINTERN Movement created the AXIS of AGGRESSION with alliance of Germany, italy and Japan which led to World war TWO.

I have been writing that the IRAQ Afgan War, the OIL WAR has created the recent RECESSION associated with crisis in ZIONIST WAR Economies and Global Weapon Industry.

ARMS DEALS, kick backs , SWISS Bank Accounts and DEFENCE EXPENDITURE associated with AUTO SURGE and ENERGY CRISIS with oil dominated foreign policy relates directly to Indian Economy. FIIs control the FREEsenSEX and INDIA INCs, the shaping in ILLUMINITI desi formulates the ECONOMIC Policy backed by the BASTARDISED THINK TANK, Economists, RBI and FINMIN in accordance with Washington Dictates to ensure the worldwide ILLUMINITI ZIONIST interests!

Arun Shourie represents the ZIONIST THINK Tank!

Mind you, the Capitalist in either USA or the Europe, never faced CASH or CREDIT Crunch. Simply they did not INVEST at home. The Capital Diversion was the greatest cause of RECESSIOn as US and EUROPEAN capitalists invested in foreign land.

At present, India Incs enjoys exemptions in EXPORT and IMPORT duties, tax waivers, writing off the Loan, favourable Interest and rapo rates, cent percent FDI and entire Indian revenue is diverted to feed the KILLER Money Machine.

The Bail Out Money and the stakes of Indian tax payers tend to be INVESTED ELSEWHERE as India INCs goes GLOBAL with merger, launching, diversification and EXPANSION!

This is the COMPLETE Picture of REFORMS , Mr Shourie does plead and the TOILET Media as well as so called ECONOMISTS folow suit.

The People and the Politicians never COMPREHEND the IMPACT and allow the IMMORAL IMPOSTERS to kill the Constitution and the Parliament.

Blind nationalism associated with Fascism and Imperialism never allows SOVEREIGNITY and FREEDOM to EMERGE as Genuine ISSUES as issues related to Indian masses dilute in Majoritarian Electoral system, COMMUNALISM and CLUBBING of Caste to USTAIN Manusmriti Apartheid RULE.

With China-based hacker groups increasing their attacks on computer networks across the globe, Army on Monday said its information systems were "secure" and could not be "tampered" with.

"We have put in place a very secure network and I can confidently say that it cannot be tampered with," Army's Signal Officer-in-Chief Lieutenant General P Mohapatra told reporters in New Delhi.

Talking about the security features of the armed forces' network, he said, "Its exclusive, there are various cryptographic controls that we have put in place and there are training activities to ensure that no loss of information takes place."

Indian Marxists have got CONVENIENT Position in Post Modern ANTI COMINTERN campaign!

The former Disinvestment Minister has nothing to do either with the STARVING DYING Aborigina Indigenous Minority people or the INDIAN ECONOMY in Crisis!

Shourie never refers to the OIL EONOMY or DEFENCE DEALS and strategic realliance. He sticks to REFORMS as DR AMARTYA SEN and the Gangster economists and policy makers as well as the TOILET media deals with.

Reforms means DELETION of state interference and all kinds of REGULATION.

It means FREE and SOVEREIGN Market and the killingfields for the ENSLAVED Majority Population.

It means Globalisation, Privatisation and Disinvestment.

It means Retail chain, Modified SEEDS and EXESSES inuse of fertilisers associated with unwanted and baned DRUGS, CHEMICALS, PESTICIDES, Chemical and Biological warfare and experiments!


It means the violation and manipulation of Labour laws, Coast Line SECURITY act, forest act, environment Act, land Acquisition act and INDIAN PENAL CODE as well as indian constitution!

It means DEINDUSTRIALISATION and destruction of Indigenous Production system and Livelihhod!

It means RIVERLINK plan and Diwali for Builders, promoters, Mncs and REALTY sector engaged in the so called development of BIG DAMS and projects and INFRASTRUCTURE!

It means large scale JOB LOSS, DELETION of Reservation and Quota, Unemployment, retrenchment, Hire and Fire, Privatisation of social services like HEALTH and EDUCATION, RLY and POST, BANKING and Insurance!

It means COMPLETE Manusmriti RULE!

It means Complete APARTHEID associated with MASSACRES and ETHNIC cleansing!


It means fascism sustained with BLIND nationalism!

It means IMMINENT RISKS of WAR and CIVIL WAR, Subvertion and TERROR STRIKES, SECURITY THREAT to National Unity and Integrity.

It means DECULTURALISATION, Murder of Motehr languages, Folk and Folklore, DEFACING nationalities and Identities!

On the other hand, our Marxist Friends created the DISINVESTMENT Ministry IMMUNE to Judicial Jurisdiction, Immune to criminal Investigation and Immune to Parliamentary procedure. The STRATEGIES and the List of the PSUs to be disinvested were finalised by the UPA Government during 1997 to 98 in accordance with Common Minimum progrramme!

Subhash Chakrabarti visited the Matua Mela BARUNI with all POLITICAL, PARTY and STATE SHOWCASE with adequate SECURITY and the Piolet convoy to irritate enough the Matuas no less than twenty lac on the day.

Anilda informed me that his visit was quite RELIGIOUS and he participated in the MATUA FESTIVAL and it has nothing to do with the LOKSABHA Polls.

I know well the RELIGION followed by the MARXISTS as well as the Rightists!

I complained that the state government has done nothing to support the Matua Movement which he considers Progressive and Revolutionary!

I told him about the cahos and mismanagement.

Anilda wished to visit once again and asked me to accompany.

I suggested that we should visit the place some time after the elections.

In the afternoon, the Minister recited his latest poem on Matua movement hoisting the RED FLAG of the matuas and beating the drum, the DANKA!

Then, he informed me that latest CD on his selected DALIT Poems has been released.

I congratulated the minister and asured him that I would collect one.

Then, he informed me that the famous Actor, the BELOVED of SATYAJIT RAY, SOUMITRA Chatterjee has recited the poems.

It is also nothing new as BRATATI Badopadhyaya and a host of Bengali icons have done the same thing before.

But I am surprised to note that CHATTERJEE has been always standing UNITED with BRAN BUDDHA and Marxist CAPITALIST ways defying the Resisting CIVIL SOCIETY. How may such a person VOICE Dalit liberation!

Then Anilda informed me that the POLLUTED Kamana Sagar has been surveyed by his officers and he will take care to PURIFY the water.

Anilda assured me to write a leter to the Chief Minister suggesting PROPOSALS of establishing a GIRLS` Highschool and making INDOOR as well as OUT DOOR AUDOtariums!

I am sure he will succeed!

Where do we stand?

"The seeds of slowdown in the country were sown since April 2008 while the global meltdown started since September," Shourie said at an interactive session organised by the Indian Chamber of Commerce.Soon India's sovereign ratings would become negative, Shourie said.

"This is because the UPA Government did not continue with the reform process," Shourie said.

He added there was no fiscal headroom which was needed for great stimulus package to boost the economy.

Asked what kind of stimuli was required for the economy, he said the companies and states should be rewarded for big infrastructure projects.

India on Monday expressed deep concern over the terrorist attack in Lahore, but refused to draw a parallel between the incident and the Mumbai attacks.

"We are deeply concerned. We condemn these terrorist attacks. We condemn all terrorist attacks," Home Minister P Chidambaram told reporters when asked to comment on terrorists storming a police training centre near Lahore.

He said New Delhi offers sympathy to the government and the people of Pakistan.

Asked whether he saw any parallel between the Lahore incident and the Mumbai attacks, he said there could be no parallel.

"But, the commonality is these are terrorist attacks. The difference is that in Mumbai the source of terrorist attack was Pakistani soil. In the case of (Lahore) attack we do not know who is behind it," he said.

Condemning the deadly attack, Minister of State for External Affairs Anand Sharma said the incident showed that the terror infrastructure in Pakistan was growing.

Pakistan will have to continue dismantling the terror infrastructure on its soil which is a threat to several countries, he said.

The DISINVESTMENT commissions as well as Prime Minister`s council for DISINVESTMENT recommended Immediate PAY HIKE for PSU official for executing the plan for DISINVESTMENT, Strategic sale, Joint venture with public sector and Lock out! The Policy is followed till this date even after the departure of NDA GOVERNMENT and the DISINVESTMENT MInister!

About four lakh officers of central public sector enterprises will benefit from a government decision giving them a further increase in salary and allowances, over and above the hikes announced last year.

The decision to improve the salary structure of officers at board level and below, along with supervisory staff, was taken at the Cabinet meeting presided over by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

The improved pay packages will also include increase in house rent allowance and retirement benefits.

The decisions are based on the recommendations of the committee of ministers headed by Home Minister P Chidambaram, which went into the revised salary and allowances notified earlier in November last year by the government.

PSU officers, particularly in the oil sector, forced the government to revisit their revised pay scales when they went on strike in January this year.

Briefing reporters after the Cabinet meeting, Chidambaram said the revision in the pay structure would vary from company to company.

Meanwhile,Equities fell 4.8 per cent on Monday in the their biggest one-day drop in almost three months as investors took profits after the market had rallied more than a fifth over three weeks. The close of the quarter and fiscal year on Tuesday also encouraged fund managers to book profits, while sentiment across Asia and Europe was soured by the US government's rejection of turnaround plans for GM and Chrysler.

Financial stocks, which had powered the surge in the past week, led the fall with HDFC Bank, State Bank of India and ICICI Bank sliding 5 to 12 per cent.

Energy giant Reliance Industries, which has the biggest weight on the main index, dropped 2.1 per cent to 1,515.70 rupees after its market value jumped by almost a third over the past three weeks.

"The international scenario that was turning better is now called into question, so we can see some more unwinding," V.K. Sharma, head of research at Anagram Stock Broking, said.

The 30-share BSE index shed 4.78 per cent, or 480.35 points, to 9,568.14, its biggest drop since Jan. 7, when it fell 7.3 per cent on news of a fraud at Satyam Computer.

Twenty-eight of its components fell while in the broader market, losers led gainers in the ratio of more than 1.5:1 on light volume of 295 million shares.

"This correction has been very sharp. So we can expect this to be more than just a normal one," Sharma said.

Investors are wary as India's economy is slowing and there is uncertainty on the political front ahead of general elections in April and May, analysts said.

Policy advisers have said the Indian economy will fare significantly worse in 2009 than in the previous year, and more doses of fiscal and monetary policy may be needed to boost demand and lift growth.

The initial euphoria about the global economy being on the mend is also subsiding, traders said.

Shares are expected to trade within a broad range over the next few weeks, before the quarterly earnings season kicks off in mid-April.

Private-sector lender ICICI Bank fell 12.3 per cent to 337.95 rupees, its worst drop in more than five months.

Rival HDFC Bank slid 5.2 per cent to 945 rupees, while government-run State Bank of India dropped 9.2 per cent to 1,022 rupees.

The banking sector index, which had risen 19.1 per cent last week in its best performance since at least June 2003, dropped 8.6 per cent.

Top mortgage lender Housing Development Finance Corp shed 8.7 per cent to 1,450.55 rupees.

The 50-share NSE index fell 4.2 per cent to 2,978.15.

Asian shares slumped after a US task force took a hard line on aid for automakers General Motors and Chrysler, threatening bankruptcy for both. The news also pulled S&P stock futures and European shares lower.

Indian employers account for just 11.9 per cent of the total H-1B visas issued in 2008 and their share has been declining over the

years, a US think-tank has said days after new curbs were announced on such visas.

H-1B visas are temporary visas that allow foreign nationals to work in the United States on short-term projects or as a prelude to a green card, which entitles resident status to a foreigner.

"Though there is a prevalent assertion that Indian employers use up 'most' or '80 per cent' of the annual quota (of H-1Bs), USCIS data reveal that such companies utilised only 11.9 per cent of the 2008 new H-1B petitions issued," the National Foundation for American Policy said in a report.

An analysis of H1-B visa data provided by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) shows that the use of H-1Bs by Indian companies declined by 27 per cent from 2006 to 2008, the report added.

"The 12,180 new H-1B visa holders hired by Indian companies in 2008 represented 0.0083 percent of the US labour force, less than 1/100th of 1 per cent, a small proportion by any reasonable definition," NFAP added.

The report further added liberalising H-1B and green card quotas would help American companies innovate and create more jobs in the United States. It is the current restrictions that are inflicting real harm on the country and new restrictions will only increase the damage.

Indian firms have been conspicuous among top 10 users of H-1Bs, but they represent only a fraction of total H-1B use.

"Identifying 26 India-based firms and even including Cognizant, an American company with many employees in India, one finds Indian companies utilised 11.9 per cent, or 12,810 of the 107,686 new H-1B petitions issued in FY 2008," the National Foundation for American Policy said.

Though there are arguments that H-1B professionals overwhelm the American workforce, these reports are not supported by logic or the facts. The number of new H-1B visa holders in the United States accounted for 0.07 per cent of the US labour force in 2008.

Besides, almost all firms that utilise H-1B visa have US workers accounting for 85 per cent to 99 per cent of their workforce. Any business with more than 15 per cent of their workforce on H-1B visas is considered 'H-1B dependent' under the law and must adhere to a stricter set of labour rules.

Earlier this month, the USCIS had announced changes in the application form related to H-1B visa, in view of the restrictions imposed in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which prohibits hiring of people with H-1B visas by companies receiving federal aid money.

The current annual level of H-1Bs is about the same level as in 1990, even though the US GDP has risen 64 per cent (from USD 8.5 trillion to USD 14 trillion) over the past 19 years, while the demand for skilled labour has also risen
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Arun Shourie
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This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references (ideally, using inline citations). Unsourced or poorly sourced contentious material must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (January 2008)
Arun Shourie
Born February 11, 1941 (1941-02-11) (age 68)
Jalandhar, India

Occupation Columnist, Journalist
Spouse(s) Anita

Arun Shourie ( अरूण शौरी )(born November 2, 1941) is a prominent Indian journalist, author, and politician.

He has been an economist with the World Bank, a consultant to the Planning Commission, India and editor of the Indian Express (a leading Indian newspaper).

1 Early life and background
2 Career
3 Personal life
4 Publications
5 Bibliography
6 References
7 External links

[edit] Early life and background
Arun Shourie was born to consumer rights activist, H. D. Shourie. His sister is, journalist, Nalini Singh.

He studied at Modern School, Barakhamba and St. Stephen's in Delhi. He obtained his doctorate in Economics from Syracuse University in the United States.

[edit] Career
In a series of exposés, many of which he wrote himself, Shourie and the Indian Express uncovered corruption in the highest echelons of the government and exposed several major scandals, including what has been dubbed “India’s Watergate.”

Shourie started a one-man crusade in 1981 against Abdul Rehman Antulay, the chief minister of Maharashtra State, who allegedly extorted millions of dollars from businesses dependent on state resources and put the money in a private trust named after Indira Gandhi. The story caused the eventual resignation of the chief minister , the highest-ranking official in India ever forced from office by newspaper reporting, and great embarrassment to Gandhi and her ruling Congress Party.

Shourie's exposés resulted in a prolonged labour dispute at the Bombay offices of the Indian Express, where a labour organizer with ties to Antulay encouraged workers to strike for a minimum wage double than what was paid at any other newspaper in India. It also resulted in a government crackdown that included a host of legal cases launched against the Indian Express by various agencies. In 1982, the paper's owner Ramnath Goenka fired Shourie as a result of continued government pressure.

Between 1982 and 1986, Shourie wrote for various newspapers and magazines, at the same time as being General Secretary of the People's Union for Civil Liberties. He was appointed executive editor of the Times of India in 1986 but was lured back to the Indian Express by Goenka in 1987. Shourie launched an attack on then prime minister Rajiv Gandhi over the Bofors howitzer gun purchase scandal. This contributed to Gandhi's defeat in the subsequent parliamentary elections.

Among the many battles Shourie fought for press freedom, perhaps the most famous was his crusade against the government’s proposal in 1988 to introduce a defamation bill. It was widely perceived that the bill had been introduced with unusual speed in Parliament in an attempt to muzzle the Indian Express, and the entire media community joined Shourie and the Indian Express in condemning the move.

At one stage, there were 300 cases filed by the government against the Indian Express, and credit supply from banks was cut off. Shourie, however, continued his battle against government corruption until 1990, when differences on editorial policy forced him to resign from the Indian Express. The differences involved Shourie's opposition to the implementation of the Mandal Commission Report, that sought reservations in government jobs for Other Backward Classes (OBC), which were initiated by then Prime Minister V.P. Singh's government. After that, he devoted his energy to writing books and regular columns, which appeared in different languages in 30 newspapers across India.

Shourie is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He has been a member of the Rajya Sabha and also held the office of the Minister of Disinvestment, Communication and Information Technology in the Government of India under Atal Bihari Vajpayee's prime ministership. As Disinvestment Minister, he led the sale of Maruti, VSNL, Hindustan Zinc among others. His position as Minister was a controversial one, but he and his secretary Pradip Baijal are much respected for kick-starting what people believe was a best-in-class process. In a poll of India’s top 100 CEOs in February 2004 he was ranked the most outstanding minister of Mr.Vajpayee’s government.

In the year 2000, Shourie pledged the entire amount (Rs. 11.90 crore) of discretionary spending available to him under Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) to setting up of Bio-Sciences & Bio-engineering Department at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. In 2005, he displayed his commitment to the cause by again pledging Rs. 11 crore for developing a separate and well-equipped building for Environmental Sciences and Environmental Engineering at the institute.

[edit] Personal life
Shourie is married to Anita. They have a son who is physically challenged.

[edit] Publications
His writings have gained him a considerable following around the country, as well as several national and international honours. Among these are the Padma Bhushan, the Magsaysay Award, the Dadabhai Naoroji Award, the Astor Award, the K.S. Hegde Award and the International Editor of the Year Award and The Freedom to Publish Award.[citation needed]

In his book Worshipping False Gods, Shourie criticized B.R. Ambedkar, the leader of Dalits for alleged complicity with the British and lust for power and wealth.
In A Secular Agenda (1997, ISBN 81-900199-3-7), Shourie discusses various problems faced by India due to minority appeasement and pseudo-secularism practiced by the Indian politicians.[1] The book starts with a discourse on the definition of a nation. He cites examples of other nations in Europe to counter the arguments of people who do not consider India as one nation due to its different lanuguages and religions. He argues for a Common Civil Code in the book[1] and the abolition of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. He also discusses the problem related to infiltration from Bangladesh and the inability of the Indian government to solve it.
Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud (1998, ISBN 81-900199-8-8) discusses the NCERT controversy in Indian politics and attacks Marxist historiography. Arun Shourie asserts that Marxist historians have controlled and misused important institutions like the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR), the National Council of Educational Research Training (NCERT) and a large part of academia and the media. He criticizes well-known historians like Romila Thapar and Irfan Habib. Shourie argues that Marxist historians have white-washed the records of rulers like Mahmud of Ghazni and Aurangzeb. Shourie presents examples to further his argument of how many of these text books describe in great detail foreign personalities like Karl Marx or Stalin, while they often barely mention important figures of India or of the Indian states. Shourie writes that this is in contrast to Russian Marxist text books. The standard Soviet work "A History of India" (1973) is according to Shourie much more objective and truthful than the history books written by the Indian Marxists. The Arts and Humanities Citation Index contains only one citation, in which it is cited as an example of "reactionary orientalists' reaction against a perceived attack on Indian spiritual values". [2]

[edit] Bibliography
Are We Deceiving Ourselves Again [1]
Where Will All This Take Us [2]
The Parliamentary System
Courts and their Judgements: Premises, Prerequisites, Consequences
Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud
Falling Over Backwards: An essay against Reservations and against Judicial populism
Governance and the sclerosis that has set in [3]
Harvesting Our Souls
Hinduism: Essence and Consequence
Indian Controversies
Individuals, Institutions, Processes : How One may Strengthen the Other in India Today
Institutions in the Janata Phase
Missionaries in India [4]
Mrs Gandhi's Second Reign
Only Fatherland : Communists, 'Quit India,' and the Soviet Union
Religion in Politics
A Secular Agenda
Symptoms of Fascism
These Lethal, Inexorable Laws: Rajiv, His Men and His Regime
The State As Charade: V.P. Singh, Chandra Shekhar and the Rest
Will the Iron Fence Save a Tree Hollowed by Termites?
Worshiping False Gods [5] [6]
The World of Fatwas [7]

with Sita Ram Goel, Harsh Narain, Jay Dubashi and Ram Swarup, Hindu Temples - What Happened to Them Vol. I, (A Preliminary Survey) (1990, ISBN 81-85990-49-2)
with Sita Ram Goel, Koenraad Elst, Ram Swarup, Freedom of expression - Secular Theocracy Versus Liberal Democracy, Voice of India (1998).

[edit] References
^ a b "A Secular Agenda". Retrieved on 2006-09-27.
^ "Shades of orientalism: Paradoxes and problems in Indian historiography", Heehs P, History and Theory 42 (2): 169-195, May 2003

[edit] External links
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Arun Shourie

The Arun Shourie site
A short collection of Shourie excerpts
Interview with Karan Thapar for CNN IBN on the issue of the nuclear deal
Interview with Karan Thapar for CNN IBN on the issue of reservations
Citation for 1982 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism
Interview with Shourie
Interview at
Myths about Vivekananda
Audio of Arun Shourie on Mrs. Pratibha Patil, prior to the Indian Presidential elections where Mrs. Patil was a candidate, 13 July 2007
Audio of Arun Shourie on Mumbai terrorist attacks, 1 December 2008
Detailed biography on the BJP Site
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Financial discipline shd be next govt's priority: Shourie
24 Mar 2009, 0414 hrs IST, TNN

CHENNAI: Restoring financial discipline and reforming and liberalising higher technical education and defence production ought to be key elements of

the economic agenda of the next government at the Centre, former Union minister and BJP Rajya Sabha MP Arun Shourie said on Monday.

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Personal Finance
LIC forays into credit cards business
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Makeover helps FMPs recover
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Wall St sinks on automaker, banks
Bonds trade weak after borrowing plan
Re ends at Rs 51.18/19 against dollar
Nifty futures premium trims
Asian shares slump on US auto fears
Oil prices slide under 50 dollars
'Another rate cut from RBI imminent'
Govt to infuse Rs 5.5 bn in UBI
Slow loan growth may continue: Citi
Banks to help defaulting cos

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Google's China download service
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Medicos to assist IT firms
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Canada rejects GM, Chrysler plans
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Some trade may vanish forever: IMF

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Market Analysis
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Market's resilience will be put to test this week
Bear market retracement or a yet to bottom out?
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Where marketers put their money in 2008
Brokerages point to IFAs to get business
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One out of six stocks beat sensex
The persistent rally of stock market
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Top 10 auto & auto parts stocks
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Makeover helps FMPs regain lost ground
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“Suspend defence deal with Israel”
Hindu - ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
NEW DELHI: The Communist Party of India (Marxist) on Saturday demanded that the United Progressive Alliance government forthwith suspend the air defence ...
Oppn demands explanation on missile deal Daily News & Analysis
Congress rejects demand for CBI probe into Rs,10000 crore missile ... domain-B
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ANALYSIS-Colombia's Uribe gains 2010 re-election momentum
Reuters - ‎19 minutes ago‎
Seen as a hero by many Colombians for going on the attack against Marxist guerrillas widely despised for their use of kidnapping, Uribe's government has ...

What recession? Indian political parties are flush with funds
Economic Times - ‎10 hours ago‎
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Shahabuddin's wife files nomination from Bihar's Siwan
Hindu - ‎6 hours ago‎
Mr. Shahabuddin was convicted May 5, 2007, for kidnapping and trying to kill a Communist Party of India-Marxist Leninist (CPI-ML) activist, Chhote Lal, ...

Business Standard
‘Bring back Indian money stashed in foreign banks’
Sify - ‎Mar 29, 2009‎
... and the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader LK Advani Sunday asked Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to raise at ...
Many parties will support us after polls, claims Rajnath
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The Associated Press
Turkey seeks to contain Islamic radicals
The Associated Press - ‎3 hours ago‎
"The state has no right to ban any group which is not involved in violence, whether it is an Islamic or Marxist one," said Ayhan Kucuk of the Mazlum-Der, ...
Governments, parties neglecting disabled citizens: CPI-M
Smash Hits - ‎14 minutes ago‎
New Delhi, March 30 (IANS) The Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Monday accused the successive governments and the mainstream political parties of ...
Court summons Pinarayi
Kerala Online - ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
The decree by the court was based on a petition filed by advocate Neyyattinkara P. Nagaraj accusing six persons, including the Minister for Health PK ...
Gowda ready to forgive Left
Business Standard - ‎Mar 29, 2009‎
... the Communist Party of India-Marxist denied the JD(S) any ticket in Kerala, including the latter’s sitting constituency. The JD (S) minister in the ...
Kumaraswamy to contest from Bangalore Rural
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Press Trust of India - ‎Mar 19, 2009‎
The General Secretary of the JVP Tilvan Silva contended that a group of ministers, including Tamil Minister Douglas Devananda, are trying to devolve more ...
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Sunday, March 29, 2009



Troubled Galaxy Destroyed Dreams: Chapter 190

Palash Biswas

Sydney Morning Herald
'Politics should be about people, not profit'
BBC News - ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
More than Thousands of people have marched through central London to demand action on poverty, jobs and climate change, ahead of the summit of G20 leaders ...
What the G20 must do
35000 turn out for wet G20 march Times Online
Tens of thousands join Put People First protest to demand economic ...
European Parliament (press release) -
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'Starvation Lake' a tasty mystery
Detroit Free Press - ‎7 hours ago‎
BY OLINE H. COGDILL • SUN SENTINEL • March 29, 2009 In "Starvation Lake," Bryan Gruley delivers a seamless tale of revenge, redemption, secrets and lost ...
Book Review: Fresh voices invigorate the thriller Florida Times-Union
Debut novel skates along smoothly Columbus Dispatch
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Couple whose baby died of starvation did not commit crime, sources
Malaysia Star - ‎Mar 27, 2009‎
By STEPHEN THEN MIRI: The parents of the month-old baby boy who died from starvation when they forgot to feed him due to being too drunk will not be charged ...
Agilent Goes Into Starvation Mode
Forbes - ‎Mar 26, 2009‎
Agilent Technologies sees rainy days ahead, but the scientific instrument maker’s efforts to weather the economic storm are giving hope to investors. ...

Orlando Sentinel
Is 'scapegoating' behind baby's starvation death?
Orlando Sentinel - ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
By Willoughby Mariano | Sentinel Staff Writer An Orlando mother arrested in the starvation death of her infant daughter failed to feed her twin babies — but ...
Police: Starved baby died at same weight she was at two weeks Orlando Homicide Report
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Seattle Times
$6M settlement for starved Everett boy
Seattle Times - ‎Mar 25, 2009‎
The state and three other parties have agreed to pay $6 million to settle a lawsuit brought on behalf of a boy who was intentionally starved by his father ...
$6M settlement reported in Lynnwood starvation Seattle Post Intelligencer
Investigators: $6M settlement for starved boy Northwest Cable News
DSHS, others pay $6 mil in Abegg case The Olympian
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Christian Science Monitor
Sands’s Starvation, Boils Dramatized in IRA Film: Rick Warner
Bloomberg - ‎Mar 23, 2009‎
March 24 (Bloomberg) -- In 1981, Bobby Sands and nine other Irish Republican Army inmates starved themselves to death to protest Britain’s refusal to ...
MOVIE REVIEW: Film depicts IRA’s Bobby Sands starvation crusade Enterprise News
‘Hunger’ pains: IRA prisoner Bobby Sands inspired McQueen’s ... Boston Herald
The Brilliance of Hunger Movie City News
NYU Washington Square News
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Obama must halt starvation in Darfur
Atlanta Journal Constitution - ‎Mar 21, 2009‎
By John Prendergast Between 1991 and 1993, I traveled extensively as a human rights monitor in what became known as the “starvation triangle” in ...
One Million Sudanese At Risk Of Starvation: UN RTT News
Sudan: Bring President Al-Bashir to justice now, says Amnesty Amnesty International UK
Over 1 Million People Threatened with Starvation in Sudan
afrol News - Huffington Post
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VIDEO: Kenya drought - starvation feared
Reuters - ‎Mar 25, 2009‎
Mar 25 - The Kenyan government is warning that 10 million people may face starvation if a drought in the country lasts much longer. ...
Enough, population doom merchants
Times Online - ‎18 hours ago‎
In the 1960s they based their campaign on the notion that there would be mass starvation in Africa and the subcontinent unless those countries learnt to cut ...
Cafeteria strike against Meriwether Godsey causes chaos and starvation
Guilfordian - ‎Mar 27, 2009‎
"Eat corporate or die," screamed Head Chef Diana Henry at the top her lungs as Cafeteria employees staged a strike on Founder's Porch in protest of ...
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Business Standard
COUNTERVIEW | Policies perpetuated poverty
Times of India - ‎Mar 27, 2009‎
The UPA and the Congress talked about inclusive growth. But did they strive for it? We call growth inclusive when benefits of economic growth reach vast ...
Get all the news you missed this week in this downloadable capsule Livemint
Brand Advani: Perils Of Rebranding!
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'National movement needed to get rid of poverty, casteism'
Central Chronicle - ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
Noting that the 'Sher-i-Punjab' felt that education should be a tool to remove poverty and misery, former Union minister Jagmohan said while India has ...
New light on Lala Lajpat Rai Hindu
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Washington, December 11, 2008— The World Bank announced today it is boosting aid to India, for much-needed infrastructure and also to help the nation’s poorest states. Funding is being considered for the next four years under the Bank’s country assistance strategy, with more assistance planned for the future.,,contentMDK:22009107~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

My people, worldwide Black untouchables and the Indigenous Aboriginal and Minority Communities are BORN ENSLAVED in POVERTY struck by famine and Food Insecurity and DEBT to die in POVERTY! Since they are the NATURE associated ENVIRONMENT Friendly Peace loving species in this Galaxy! I live with the Peasnt Community destined for SUIcide, Tribals suffering from Starvation, Joblost industrial workers and Displaced Peasants and tribals fighting to survive and bretahe in the GHETTOS created for east bengal refugees!

I have been among the Mine Workers, the People engaged in Illegal Mining, the Population struck by Radioactivity, deforestation and Pollution of every kind.

I have also visited the GRAVE Yards spread over closed JUTE and COTTON Mills and tea gardens.

Our people are Predestined to be BORN in poverty and wither away with DEATH procession INFINITE!

I was BORN in poverty, though as RESETTLED Bengali refugee family we had not to face such Starvation crisis or Food insecurity as our people encounter countrywide. The Bengal as well as Sikh partition Victim refugees resettled in Nainital terai Transformed the HELL into a HEAVEN furher strengthened by GREEN REVOLUTION in sixties led by pant nagar university.

But we also faced calamities and harvest Loss, intense debt situation as the pesants all over the country sufferfrom. We always had been surrounded by Aboriginal tribal population whwerever we were rehabilitated. I have witnessed the Poverty and Stravation, alienation of our trabal brothers and sisters. Specially in Jharkhand, I visited Tribal villages around the Industrial cities and Mines, urban areas. I have seen starvation, Poverty and death face to face in almost every Tribal village all over the country.

Specially in Dandakaranya, targeted specially for REPRESSION to CURB Maoism, not only tribals but SC and OBC and minorities along with the POOR belonging to general catstes do live in Poverty and starvation!

I visited many parts of North East India, separated from mainland and saw the map of Poverty spread everywhere. Bundelkhand in UP, Bidarbha in Maharashtra and many parts of rajasthan and MP live in Poverty lacking basic needs.

The refugees, not able to resettled have been DEHUMANISED as SLUMDOGS and they consist the main Maual Workforcs concentrated in SLUMS around the metros and Developed Urban areas.

I am fortunate to share their experiences also.

In West Bengal, the East Bengal dalit refugees are most Hated and DISCRIMINATED!

The MARXIST Strategy against the PROLETARIAT leaves no SPACE for SC, OBC, ST and Minority Communities to BREATHE freely unless we prove our HUMILITY, Surrender and SUBORDINATION as SUBHUMEN!

The number of chronically hungry people has surpassed the 1 billion mark for the first time as the economic crisis compounds the impact of high food prices, the United Nations’ top agriculture official has warned. In an interview with the Financial Times, Jacques Diouf, director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organisation, warned that the increasing numbers of undernourished people could trigger political instability in developing countries.

“The issue of world food security is an issue of peace and national security,” he said, urging world leaders who are discussing ways to resolve the economic crisis not to forget that last year more than 30 countries suffered food riots.

The Rome-based organisation estimated last year that about 960 million people were chronically hungry in 2008. Diouf said that had since risen and “unfortunately, we are already quoting a number of 1bn people on average for this year”. Before the food crisis started in 2007, there were less than 850 million chronically hungry people in the world, a level that has been roughly constant since the early 1990s owing to the global fight against poverty and countries such as China lifting their economic growth.

Diouf’s assessment signals that the food and economic crisis have reversed the past quarter-century’s slow but constant decline in the proportion of undernourished people as a percentage of the developing world’s population. The percentage fell from 20 percent in 1990-92 to a low of just below 16 percent in the 2003-05 period. But with 1 billion people chronically hungry now, the percentage has risen to almost 18 percent.

As a consequence, the FAO’s director-general proposed ditching the UN’s Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of the world’s undernourished by 2015 and replacing it with a target of “eradicating hunger by 2025”. He said to meet that aim, the world should learn from the mistakes of the 1990s, when investment in agriculture fell sharply, paving the way for the surge in food prices of the past two and a half years.

Diouf is pressing world leaders for a summit in Rome in November to tackle the roots of food insecurity, rather than to continue reacting to every crisis with ad hoc measures. “The food crisis is not over,” he said, warning that although international benchmark prices for major agricultural commodities such as wheat, corn, rice and soyabean had fallen from last year’s peak, they remained almost 30 per cent above the 2005 level. He added that domestic prices in developing countries had not tracked the drop in international prices as their crops had been disappointing.

Now, he said, “the financial crisis is worsening the situation by increasing unemployment, limiting the credit for trading [agricultural commodities] and lowering remittances, which in poor countries were used to purchase food”. “Combining all the elements we are in a very unstable situation,” he added.

At the proposed summit, Diouf said that world leaders should commit to investing in agriculture, particularly in the developing world, as the rise in the world’s population from today’s 6.5 billion people to 9 billion by 2050 will mean the world needs to double its current food output.

He added that leaders also should agree to revive the FAO’s Committee on World Food Security, elevating it to ministerial level to “allow policy decisions [to] be made”. Diouf said that several heads of state and governments already back its idea of a summit in November to tackle the food problem. Previous summits, however, have yielded few policy results.

BBC News
High growth, low votes
BBC News - ‎Mar 26, 2009‎
But this view scarcely stands up to close scrutiny: according to the available evidence, the proportion of the poor below the poverty line significantly ...
CPI-M manifesto for 15th Lok Sabha elections
all 108 news articles »

Sadiq ahmed rightly writes:

The global financial crisis hit South Asia at a time when it was barely recovering from a severe terms of trade shock resulting from the global food and fuel price crisis.The food and fuel price shocks had badly affected South Asia, with cumulative income loss ranging from 34 percent of 2002 GDP for Maldives to 8 percent for Bangladesh. Current account and fiscal balances worsened sharply and inflation surged to unprecedented levels.

After my recent trip to South Asia and based on a review of internal debates and discussions in specific countries, I get a better sense of the effects of the global financial crisis on the region. Although my analysis suggests that every country has been affected, the magnitude and response between countries have differed. India has seen the greatest impact with economic indicators demonstrating significant decreases on many measures. Officials have responded swiftly and taken a number of steps to mitigate some of the worst consequences.

South Asia has the highest rates of malnutrition and the largest numbers of undernourished children in the world! Poverty is often the underlying cause of child malnutrition, and while South Asia has recently experienced impressive economic growth and reduced poverty, this has not translated into improved nutrition. The region fares worse than any other developing region including Sub-Saharan Africa (45% vs. 28%, respectively). There is an urgent need to tackle the severe malnutrition situation in South Asia.

A section of the DALIT intellectuals including ADITYA ROY, Dr Jagadish Haldar, Adhikar Editor Gauranga Biswas, and others have issued an appeal to all Political parties to HIGHLIGHT the demands of the DALITS.

It is a pity to note that our Ambedkarite Friends have not been DISILLUSIONED till this date.

The Marxist GOVT does not issue CASTE CERTIFICATE to our people demanding documents of land before 1952 with certificates from two family persons!

Then, it is worthless to BLAME NORTH INDIA for the INTRODUCTION of Citizenship Act!

I encounter so many Bengali Intellectuals and COMMON people who declare that NORTH Indian Psyche won`t allow a BENGALI Prime Minister!

What about the MARXIST HISTORICAL Blunder?

The North Indian leaders like comrade Harkishan Singh Surajeet Lalu Yadav, Mulayam Singh Yadav, Ram Bilash Paswan and South Indian leaders tried their best to make Comrade Jyoti Basu the Prime Minister of India.

The Bengalies like Brand Buddha, Nirupam Sen, Biman Basu aligned with Prakash Karat and company pulled Basu back!

Our so called Bangla nationality sentiment works against Fact and history while we BLAME only Nehru and Gandhi for partition Holocaust and the PERSECUTION of Aboriginal Indigenous Minority Communities all over the Divided bleeding geopolitics!

The WEST Bengal segment of BENGAL assembly passed the partition Resolution by Majority while EAST BENGAL Rejected it!

It was the HATE SPEECHES of NC Chatterjee and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee and RSS Pro activism under Hindu Mahasabha Umbrella injected CROMINE in Dying muslim League Politics countrywide and the League was INSTITUTED by the BENGALIES only!

Who betrayed PRAJA Krishak Party and IMMUNED FAZLUL Haq?

Who betrayed NETAJI Subhash Chandra Bose?

Basudev Burman is a dalit Intellectual we all know.

He had been the Vice chancellor of kalayani university and the Chairman of Tripura Education Commission. He headed the dalit Samanyay SAMITI until he was elected for Loksabha from reserved Mathurapur seat in South 24 Parganas on CPIM Ticket.

Dr Burman was the Head of the ONE MEMBER BURMAN commission on OBC quota implementation in West Bengal while He DENIED the VERY EXISTENCE of OBC Castes in West Bengal despite no less than FORTY TWO percent OBC population in West Bengal.

As a member of parliament, Dr Burman recorded HIGHEST ATTENDANCE but he never raised a question!

Dr Burman is not known to do anything for his constituency or Bengal in general.

Dr Burman was heading the SAHAMARMI movement in support of the Bengalies residing outside Bengal and demanding CITIZENSHIP , Reservation and the RIGHT to learn Mother tongue. But he kept MUM while his Party supported and VOTED ENACTING anti BENGALI CITIZENSHIP Amendment Act branding all Bengali dalit refugees as BANGLADESHI Illegal Immigrants.

I personally requested DR BURMAN to visit Refugee colonies in UP and Uttaranchal very near to New DELHI but he could not manage TIME during his five year Tenure in the Parliament.

NO CS, OBC or ST or MINORITY member of Parliament cared enough for the ABORIGINAL INDIGENOUS MINORITY communities and VOTED to pass scores of ANTI People acts!

Dr Burman is fielded in RANAGHAT reserve seat this time as other SC ST OBC candidates do beg vote of our people and we support them knowing the record and the past!

The DALIT intellectuals demanded JOB, Awards and Institutions on the name of DALIT ICONS.

I have been in THAKUR nagar where TWENTY FIVE lacs of SC crowd gather every year.

Since BANGAO is a new RESERVE Loksabha seat thanks to DELIMITATION, the MATUAS have become the DECIDING POWER and even the Mainstream MEDIA known for DALIT HATE spends much of the space on Matuas.

The Matuas have resisted CPIM and Left parties but do tend to SUPPORT Ms MAMTA BANNERJEE and her TMC.

Has MAMATA been ever VOCAl on these demands the dalit Intellectuals do present?


Neither the POWER or RESISTANCE Hegemony nor the MEDIA or the CIVIL SOCIETY ever cared for us.

Dr BIODHAN CHANDRA Roy finalised the EAST BENGAL REFUGEE Policy with Pdt Jawahar Lal Nehru denying them the STATUS of PARTITION VICTIM!

DOLE was allocated rejecting COMPENSATION.


The BENGALI BRAHAMINICAL Leadership decided to EXCOMMUNICATE and EXTURMINATE our people and SCATTERED them all over the country in Jungles and Tribal Regions resulting DEGENERATION and DEFACEMENT!

The DEMAND of Charter mentions the Manipulation in Reservation and quota as the reserved seats are often declared as GENERAL because SC ST OBC candidates are not available while our boys and girls in lacs roam in uncertainty having passed Service commission and NET exams.

They are mobilised in VOTE BANK adjustment process and the Marxist Gestapo by the SIGNATORY Intellectuals themselves.

Dr NITISH Biswas happens to be the GENERAL SECRETARY of so many forums to organise the ASPIRING OPORTUNIST People and all tha DALIT INTELLECTUALS throng around him!

Dr Nitish Biswas is not alone.

Lalan Academy and VIJOY SARKAR Memorial commitee have been HIJACKED by CPIM and Marxist ministers Subhash Chakrabarti and ANIL SARKASR manages all the set ups of this kind.

OBC intellectual, the famous MUSICIAN SHUBHENDU Maiti was the FACE projected by CPIM din defence of Nandigram!

Recently I have been in THAKUR NAGAR., the Matua centre.

The dalit intellectuals have demanded KUMBHA Mela status for BARUNI. While the OCCASION is to be seen as rare example of CHAOS and MISMANAGEMENT while FORWARD BLOCK MLA HARI PADA Biswas heads the advicery committee to Matua Mahasangha.

Matuas in lacs gather there with DANKA and disintegrate without any MOBILISATION.

The Matua Mahasangha is not known to follow any PRINCILE or ways of SOCIAL MOBILISATION, EMPOWERMENT and CREATIVE Social work. HARICHAN GURUCHAND Ideology is not discussed at all.

Although the Matua Mahasangha led the Anti CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT Movement, but pressurised by the Marxists they withdrew from the RESISTANCE and takes every care to be BRANDED as a RELIGIOUS OUTFIT!

What is this?

If God wishes, I'll intervene in Kandhamal: Sister Prema
Kolkata (IANS): Describing religious conversion as "God's work", new Superior General of the Missionaries of Charity (MoC) Sister Mary Prema on Friday said she would go to Orissa's Kandhamal - scene of communal violence - if she received divine inspiration.

The German born Prema, who was elected as MoC head Tuesday, hoped the order's founder Nobel laureate Mother Teresa will be canonised one day. She also expressed her desire to meet Pope Benedict XVI.

Replying to a query on the Kandhamal riots during her maiden media meet after taking over the top position, she said: "We forgive those who caused us suffering".

"If God inspires me, I'll definitely intervene," said Sister Prema, when asked whether she would go to Kandhamal.

Asked to spell out her views on religious conversion, she said: "Every human being has the right to believe. Each person is born with dignity. Religious conversion is God's work".

Sister Prema, who turns 56 in May, responded to a host of posers during the half-hour media interaction at the Missionaries of Charity global headquarters, the Mother House.

Expressing surprise at her election, the nun said she needed to know the community across India.

Sister Nirmala, who had led the congregation for 12 years since Mother Teresa stepped down in 1997, was re-elected for a third term March 13. But the MoC held a second election on Tuesday after she expressed a desire to be relieved of the post owing to ill-health.

"My election was a bit of a surprise to me. I had no plans, Mother led the society quite amazingly. Sister Nirmala followed her. Now, I have to follow Sister Nirmala."

"I'll work for the poor, the downtrodden. I will work to eradicate poverty," said sister Prema, who was born Mechtilde Pierick in Reken, Westfalia, Germany. Her parents are now dead, but she has an elder brother and a twin sister. "Both of them are married and have children." In her early life, Sister Prema taught in a school for the handicapped.

She first came to know about Mother Teresa by reading the book "Something Beautiful for God" by Malcolm Muggeridge.

"Inspired by the book, I met Mother in 1980 in a youth meeting in Berlin, and joined the MoC the same year in Essen, Germany."

Missionaries of Charity sources said she served the poorest of the poor in Italy and other European countries, and was a member of the general chapter in which Nirmala succeeded the Mother as Superior General.

Since 2001, sister Prema is living in Kolkata.

"Sister Nirmala will continue to guide us," she said to a question on her predecessor.

Sister Prema hoped that the Mother will be canonised one day. "The investigation of the Miracle is still on."

The MOC, founded by the Mother in 1950, now has 766 Mother Houses all over the world, of which 246 are in India. "We have 4,950 novices working all over the world, though their numbers have gone down in the last one year," said Prema.

She traced the reason to break-up of families and fewer children.

Sister Prema said the young generation has to be inspired to join the MoC. "Through our humble service and plain lifestyle we have to draw the young generation," she added.

She did not think the charisma of the Mother was missing. "It is still there."

Malvika Singh
With Rajnath Singh supporting Feroze Varun Gandhi and, therefore, all his rather scary utterances, and stating that he will go and campaign for the young aspirant, the Bharatiya Janata Party has established its position vis-à-vis Indian Muslims, Sikhs and other non-Hindus. For a national party to silently endorse a possibly sinful oath is taking humanity back to the days of uncivilized politics when an eye for an eye and an ear for an ear was the war cry of revenge. To see a supposed national party stand by a bagful of false beliefs in the present age of information technology and globalization makes one shudder with fear and sadness. What a waste of energy in a country haunted by poverty and lawlessness, corruption and unjust politics that defy and fight against the essence of pluralism.

Will the majority of the Hindus tolerate and condone this rhetoric and the accompanying acts that contravene the laws of this land? Will they, the majority, join a political dispensation that holds such preposterous positions and unbending beliefs that will, most certainly, kill the soul of India? Often it is an unthinking, wild desperation that manifests itself in such acts and speeches, a personal desperation to grab power at all costs. An ascent to power propelled by rabid speeches of this kind is usually fraught with superficialities and results in an equally sudden downfall. The BJP appears to be ‘using’ Varun Gandhi, maybe because he is a Gandhi. Perhaps his party needs a representative of the ‘first family’ of Indian politics within its fragmented fold to assert its national appeal and to enable it to compete with the Congress. Otherwise, why should the party leadership go out of its way to endorse Varun Gandhi, thus alienating some of its critical allies?

Central pie

India remains a conservative, semi-feudal culture and it will take some more decades and a clear generational shift in politics and society for the democratization of her multi-faceted cultural traditions, her resilient, ancient philosophies and therefore, of the majority mindset, to take place. Respect for diversity, differences and debate will have to override the scheming, wheeling, dealing and more that we have been witness to over the last few decades. All through the last week we have had to hear non-stop repeats of the diatribe of Feroze Varun Gandhi, whom the press insists on calling by his middle name. Then, a few days days ago, that frightening image was juxtaposed with one of Rahul Gandhi, who was calm and collected, engaging with the press on issues that need correction and action. A different tenor, a different endeavour, a different goal. Forcing a polarization, the BJP and Varun Gandhi may well compel the country to make some hard choices. Some will win on the Hindu plank, others will fall by the wayside and Bharat will go through some severe contractions before the birth of a modern civil society. This may well be our trial by fire!

The government is virtually a ‘caretaker’ till the results are declared. If the Congress reaches the 150 mark, chances are that the opportunist bees will race to the hive with their numbers and there could be a radical change of partners in the course of the jig. If the Congress drops its count, the single largest vote-getter, Mayavati or Jayalalithaa or anyone else, will cobble together an ‘united’ collective with all others carrying their ‘numbers’ and jockeying to grab a bit of the Central pie. Real, constructive alliances have not been intrinsic to Indian coalitions. The selfish, divisive ‘alliances’ that have been plaguing India are over for now. The gross horse-trading will resume on the evening of May 16, when votes will be counted. The alliances that will survive till then are those that are mutually beneficial to the partners in the political play.

Spotlight on multi-faith India
1 day ago

NEW DELHI (AFP) — A Muslim-baiting speech ahead of India's elections next month has opened the door to a divisive campaign exploiting the country's religious fault lines.

The black sheep of India's Nehru-Gandhi dynasty, would-be Hindu nationalist MP Varun Gandhi, has prompted a major scandal after TV footage showed him whipping up anti-Muslim hatred while hunting votes in a northern Hindu heartland.

His Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) would, he was taped telling a rally, "cut the head of Muslims" if it beats the incumbent Congress party in the polls that start next month.

Varun Gandhi is now in legal trouble and facing arrest -- as inciting violence is not taken lightly in a country susceptible to the occasional pogrom.

But the BJP is unrepentant, shrugging off calls from the Election Commission to drop him as a candidate.

Observers say debate on issues such as grinding poverty and other pressing social and economic matters is once again being sidelined as the campaign goes sectarian.

But the fact remains that communal issues are still seen as vote winners.

"The effect of religion on Indian politics is staggering, and denying its influence would be a blunder by any political party," said political analyst Pran Chopra.

"Sectarian politics has a great degree of appeal. It can never vanish from Indian politics."

The scandal surrounding Varun Gandhi, analysts say, underscores some unsavoury facts about modern India -- a country that takes pride in its "world's largest democracy" badge and that wants to make the 21st century its own.

They say that more than sixty years after the subcontinent was drowning in the blood of partition, sectarian rabble-rousers can still score points.

"Hate has been employed as an effective tool to polarise in almost every election," noted Suhel Seth, a well-known television commentator and newspaper columnist.

"The tragedy is that the Indian politician has not learnt how to inspire. He has only been taught how to foment hatred, which is no longer a virtue in these frail times fraught as they are with economic and social stress," he wrote in the Hindustan Times newspaper.

Indeed, according to the Midday tabloid, the BJP has a "new lucky mascot" and a "star campaigner" in the London-educated Varun Gandhi, the grandson of former premier Indira Gandhi.

This has left the rival parties arguing about the communal issues that India's founding fathers tried to put behind them in the wake of partition, with Congress labelling the BJP as a major threat to social cohesion.

"The BJP is out to divide people on the basis of communal lines," Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said this week when launching Congress's manifesto.

"This is the record of Mr. Advani," Singh said of BJP leader L.K. Advani. "We currently must reflect whether this is a person who is fit to hold office."

The BJP quickly retaliated, accusing Congress of cynically courting the important Muslim vote -- Islam is followed by 135 million to 140 million of India's 1.1 billion population -- and of being weak on terror.

Caught in the middle are India's Muslims, many of whom hold little faith in either of the two main parties.

"Political parties are linking recent terrorist attacks to communalism to feed prejudice," said Seema Mustafa, an Indian Muslim columnist.

"Muslims across India are arrested at random and have no one to protect them from injustice."

The BJP's own campaign manifesto is expected to reiterate the party's commitment to building a Hindu temple on the ruins of a mosque demolished in 1992 by Hindu zealots.

The demolition sparked Hindu-Muslim violence that claimed around 2,000 lives.

Declining poverty ups UPA's re-election chances: Study

27 Mar 2009, 1726 hrs IST, Shailesh Dobhal & M K Venu, ET Bureau

NEW DELHI: India may have begun to experience a new era in electoral politics, where a large number of incumbents stand a good chance of getting
re-elected because of declining poverty levels, two sets of data indicate.

While poverty has declined in 380 of the 543 Lok Sabha constituencies in the past five years, an analysis by the Economic & Political Weekly (EPW) shows that anti-incumbency, the trend for the electorate to vote out the incumbent representative, has declined significantly between 2004 and 2008.

Some of this may have been reflected in the recent assembly polls in five states, where three incumbent governments retained power. Over two-thirds of sitting MPs lost their seats in the 2004 polls. But they could be more hopeful this time around. If reduction of poverty in 380 constituencies is taken as a proxy for a possible pro-incumbency, then Congress and its present allies seem positioned well.

Of the 380 seats where poverty levels have fallen, Congress has 84, RJD 17, NCP 6, SP 16, BJP 65 and the Left Front 31 while BSP has 10. This is what emerges from the ET-Indicus Analytics Election Special analysis of constituency-level data on over two dozen demographic, social and economic development indicators.

A recent study published in the Economic and Political Weekly found a declining trend in anti-incumbency . The study shows that while 77% of all incumbent state governments were voted out of power in the decade ended 1998, this proportion dropped sharply to just 46% last year.

It is also seen that state election results mirror that of the Lok Sabha in a large number of cases, especially when the two are held within a year of each other. Although a direct correlation between one single measure of development and electoral performance runs the risk of being too simplistic, it’s a safe conclusion that a decline in poverty is a factor that favours re-election.

However, anti-incumbency could work in constituencies where poverty levels have remained static or increased between 2004 and 2008. In the last five years, poverty has remained static in 51 constituencies, and increased in 112 constituencies. Poverty is defined by the government in terms of food intake: people who cannot consume 2,400 calories of energy a day in rural areas or 2,100 calories in urban areas are deemed poor, or below the poverty line (BPL).

The proportion of BPL population fell to 26% from 28% at the national level between 2004 and 2008. During the same period, poverty decreased across all states barring Uttarakhand, which last year took on the dubious mantle of a state with the highest proportion of BPL population at 47% compared with 43% in 2004.

Until 2004, Orissa used to be the state with highest BPL ratio (46%), which has come down to 45% in 2008. Mizoram continues to have least proportion of BPL population at just 1%. Assam saw a 4% drop—the biggest—in BPL population, with all 14 constituencies in the state reporting decreased BPL numbers. This should be good news for Congress, which runs the government in that state.

Primary data from the National Sample Survey Organisation’s 50th, 55th and 61st rounds was taken to arrive at the constituency-wise BPL population projections in 2004 and 2008.

The top 10 constituencies with the largest drop in proportion of BPL population are in the north and eastern states, with as many as six from Uttar Pradesh. Orissa’s Aska constituency saw the biggest 10% drop in BPL population, although the number remains at a high 43%, but below the 46% average number for the state. The Biju Janata Dal sacked and disqualified the MP from Aska, Harihar Swain, for violating the party whip and voting for the Manmohan Singh government in the vote of confidence.

Other constituencies in the top 10 include Pratapgarh, Sultanpur, Sitapur, Jalaun, Akbarpur and Kanpur, all in UP, Orissa’s Berhampur and West Bengal’s Darjeeling. Bihar’s Arrah constituency with a population of 2.5-million gets the dubious distinction of the largest increase in proportion of BPL population, up 8% between 2004 and 2008. This should be bad news for the sitting MP, RJD’s Kanti Singh.

But that needn’t be so. Congress president Sonia Gandhi’s constituency Rae Bareli also saw poverty levels rise, and was one of three constituencies in UP to figure in the list of the worst 10 performers on the BPL score. Want to bet against her re-election?

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Grain politics in hungry India

The Congress has announced 25 kg of rice per poor family at Rs 3 per kg. This seems a mere populist gimmick before elections to lure the voter rather than a sincere policy. In 2008, many parties and governments promised subsidised grains to the poor..
CJ: Citizen Shiba, 1 day ago Views:640 Comments:1

IF MID-DAY meal is to educate India then there is grain politics to democratise India. With the hope that rice at cheaper rate will fetch more votes, raining of populist sops are hot potatoes in time of elections. Congress’ announcement of 25 kg of rice per poor family at Rs 3 per kg is certainly not the first time that promises of cheap grain have been made.

In 1967, DMK pledged it would give three measures of rice for one rupee in TN. That was the first time it came to power in the state. Later, NTR Rama Rao took a leaf out of Tamil Naidu in 1983 when he borrowed Anna’s winning formula and offered rice at Rs 2 per kg. That was 26 years ago.

Suddenly last year, it was the ‘Big Idea’ for politicians. In 2008, many states saw parties promising, or governments giving subsidised grains to the poor. The year began with the Chattisgarh government introducing a scheme of 35 kg of rice at Rs 3 per kg for families Below the Poverty Line (BPL). In April, the Madhya Pradesh Government followed suit, announcing 20 kg of wheat at Rs 3 per kg or 20 kg of rice at Rs 4.
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5 per kg for the poor. And the list goes on with Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Orissa.

A close look at the electoral dividends will unfold the success of grain politics. Karunanidhi in TN, Shivraj Chauhan in MP, Raman Singh in Chhattisgarh and BSYedyuruppa in Karnataka, all won the elections following the promise or delivery of cheap grain.

No doubt, these are all populist promises clearly aimed to lure the voter. It is not bad at a time when governments across the world are pouring billions into bailout packages for corporate fat cats. The question is whether this would really reach the poor or be eaten away by middlemen. On the other side these measures only came to existence before elections as gimmicks rather than sincere policies. Once upon a time India was very poor, now is the time when India is hungry, many for grains and some for votes.

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Global Crisis and Its Impact on the Region: The Need for a New Growth Model

Also available in: Montenegrin

Jan-Peter Olters

World Bank Representative

Country Office Montenegro

IV COSAP Conference and 8th Cetinje Parliamentary Forum

Cetinje, Montenegro, March 27, 2009

Twenty years ago, it had appeared that the fall of the Berlin Wall marked the final nail in the coffin of (what Germans call) Staatsgläubigkeit, the confidence that the state could have a beneficial—and should have an active—role in economic matters. These were the days of the so-called Washington Consensus, with a political emphasis on stabilization, privatization, liberalization, and, not least, deregulation. The collapse of Lehman Brothers and the resultant financial turmoil nineteen years later seem to mark the end of Marktgläubigkeit, the belief in the wealth-creating power of, and the socio-economic benefits from, liberalization and deregulation. Who would have thought—just a few months ago—that international debates on the financial sector would center on supra-national financial-sector regulation and supervision, after rounds of nationalizations in countries as economically liberal as the US and the UK? More clearly than ever before do we see today that our principal challenges consist of having to redefine the interrelation of these two valuable, yet highly imperfect systems of coordinating human conduct, economic ambition, and social development—the market for private goods and the state for public ones, both systems with the potential to advance the lives of people and destroy the wealth of households, firms, and countries.

More than half a century ago, when dissecting The Great Crash of 1929, John Kenneth Galbraith—one of the great, for decades disregarded, economists who is celebrating an unexpected renaissance these days—identified five principal weaknesses explaining the severity of the fallout from the financial crisis on the real sector, culminating in the Great Depression, which weighed so heavily over the 1930s. These were (i) a high degree of income inequality; (ii) corporate greed in the context of weak financial reporting standards; (iii) excessive credit growth and insufficient banking supervision; (iv) excessive external imbalances; and (v) weak data and insufficient economic analysis.

This warrants a reflection deeper than can be provided in a short speech—including in Central and Eastern Europe, a region that appears harder hit by this crisis than many other parts of the world. From today’s perspective, there are indeed increasing indications that history might repeat itself. The IMF and World Bank have forecast negative growth rates for the world as a whole—for the first time in 60 years—, with economies of the euro zone and Russia (Montenegro’s main trading partners) expected to contract between 3 and 5 percent in 2009. In recent weeks, governments in Iceland, Latvia, Hungary, and the Czech Republic were forced to step down. In Europe alone, a considerable number of countries—Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Serbia, and the Ukraine—have already requested IMF support, and others are following suit. Trade is collapsing, large and prestigious companies everywhere are under threat of closure. Rising unemployment and increasing social unrest, as already seen in France, is feared throughout the continent.

With 1929 in mind, the US and most industrialized countries have adopted very large, deficit-financed fiscal stimulus packages, thereby paying tribute to another great, but equally disregarded economist: John Maynard Keynes. Assuming things go well and as intended, with confidence in economic prospects returning also to the banking sector, we should be able to see some life in at least some of the major economies by mid-year, entailing the potential that the mood changes and confidence improves more quickly than thought possible right now. In that case, the current crisis would be U-shaped, unfreezing liquidity and lifting economies, including those in the region, out of their current difficulties—by 2010 the latest.

However, if major economies remain lifeless by summer, the current policies will have largely proven blunt, without fiscal or monetary ammunition left to give it a second shot. If indeed the case, the crisis will be L-shaped—that is, severe and long drawn out. The immense difficulty in forecasting the crisis’ shape reflects the detachment of economic fundamentals from business sentiment, the almost complete collapse of confidence in and among financial institutions, resulting in the almost complete drying up of liquidity, in Montenegro as much as elsewhere. Once lost, confidence is, of course, the trickiest ingredient to restore.What does this all mean, including for Montenegro?

The short-hand answer is as sobering as the economic environment. Transition and post-transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe will need a new growth model—one that does not depend on foreign direct investments and external credits as the engine for growth. Growth will have to come from within, grounded on innovation and increased productivity. For those of us trained in the dismal science of economics, we will have to have a closer look at the endogenous growth theory. Beyond the mathematics and the equations, these models highlight the crucial importance given to the production of new technologies, to training and education—highlighting those areas, in which carefully designed policy measures can have the largest impact on the long-run growth rate of an economy. There is no one headline-grabbing policy that can achieve this, but a set of reforms improving the overall environment within which private-sector activities take place. These models, of course, did not exist when Galbraith derived the five aforementioned bottlenecks, which have led to the rapid deterioration in the overall economic situation and, ultimately, the Great Depression, but they circumvent a plethora of generally microeconomic policy measures that are required to define this new growth model.

These five fundamental conditions of “shock resistant” economies are as relevant today as they were 80 years ago. By now, of course, there is a robust body of academic literature that has placed a considerable emphasis on questions of social inclusion. Apart for reasons valid in themselves, this focus stems from experiences that social tension and large income inequalities result in lower rates of potential growth, weaken political cohesion, contribute to environmental degradation, and add considerable costs to societies in terms of foregone opportunities. To summarize related challenges into one sentence, this requires an educational system that offers opportunities to everyone, irrespective of his or her background, giving people the tools, once having graduated, to be able to contribute effectively to the greater good, within the public or private sectors. The government’s task of providing for an environment that permits the increase of overall productivity, both in terms of invested capital and employed labor, the focus will have to be on the instruments available to government—public institutions, laws, regulations, and mechanisms ensuring their rules-based application. Today, even more so than in the years before, it is paramount that attention is being paid to the quality aspects of public expenditure, to the careful definition of objectives and priorities, the strict adherence to highest standards during implementation, and the ex post assessment of whether, or to which degree, pre-specified goals could have been realized with the policies implemented. And that is where good data—the road map to policy-makers—enters this equation.

I know none of this sounds particularly exciting or novel. It is hard work in areas where benefits can be had only indirectly and often with a considerable delay. However, this region, in particular, will benefit from the fact that the obligations inherent in the European integration process, so eloquently discussed earlier in this morning, are fully consistent with—in fact, largely define—the development of this new growth model. Thus irrespective of the developments within the EU, or the time required to sort out the current institutional impasse, the continued focus on reforms strengthening public institutions, increasing the quality of the public goods provided, and ensuring the transparent and uniform application and judicial verification of rules and regulations promises considerable benefits—certainly economic ones.

With that I wish you the strength and determination to take the opportunity that is inherent in any crisis and build a Montenegro even more successful and better equipped to tackle the challenges ahead, whether the seas are calm or the waters are troubled.

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India Country Strategy 2009-12

Video | Press Release | Additional Lending |Country Strategy 2009-12 | Previous Country Strategy 2004-08 | Progress Report for Strategy 2004-08

The World Bank’s Country Strategy (CAS) for India for 2009-2012 focuses on helping the country to fast-track the development of much-needed infrastructure and to support the seven poorest states achieve higher standards of living for their people. The strategy envisages a total proposed lending program of US$14 billion, for the next three years, of which US$9.6 billion is from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and US$4.4 billion (SDR 2.982 billion equivalent at the current exchange rate) from the International Development Association (IDA).

Giovanna Prennushi, World Bank Economic Advisor talks about the key points of the India Strategy

The strategy is closely aligned with the Government of India’s own development priorities expressed in the Eleventh Five Year Plan. It was arrived at after a series of consultations with a broad range of stakeholders including the government and civil society. Under the strategy, the Bank will use lending, dialogue, analytical work, engagement with the private sector, and capacity building to help India achieve its goals.

Maintaining rapid and inclusive growth

Infrastructure: For India's rapid and sustained growth, major investments in power, transport, water, and urban development are needed. Inadequate power supply remains a critical constraint to growth; while GDP grew at an average of about 8% a year over the past five years, electricity generation only grew at an average of 4.9% per year. The national and state highway networks have not kept pace with the tremendous growth in demand for road transport: only about 30% of state highways are two-lane and more than 50% are in poor condition. Inadequate urban infrastructure is hampering the expansion of growth centers. While the Eleventh Plan foresees a major role for private sector involvement in infrastructure development through PPPs, these may not materialize to the extent hoped for in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. The Government of India has requested the World Bank to specially focus on infrastructure investment in its new strategy, including on strengthening the capacity of government agencies to design and manage public-private partnerships(PPPs).

Rachid Benmessaoud, Acting Country Director for India, talks about the importance of infrastructure for India's growth.

Skills: The shortage of skills is preventing large segments of the population from being part of India's growth story. Nearly 44% of India’s labor force is illiterate, only 17% of it has secondary schooling, and enrollment in higher education is just 11%. This compares unfavorably with, for example, China, where access to secondary education is almost universal and enrollment in higher education exceeds 20%. Moreover, the quality of most Indian graduates is poor and employers offer very little skills upgrading (16% of Indian manufacturers offer in-service training to their employees, compared to over 90% of Chinese firms). The informal sector employs over 90% of the workforce, but there is very little investment or opportunity for formal `skilling’ for informal workers and enterprises.

Agricultural Growth: Low agricultural productivity is keeping some 60 percent of India’s population behind. Shortages of basic rural infrastructure - from roads to electrification - are hindering the growth of off-farm activities. No doubt, agricultural growth has been faster over the past five years (4.7% per year)- facilitated by very good monsoons, greater production of high-value fruits, vegetables, and dairy products, an increase in the minimum support price for grains, and the sudden increase in global prices for agricultural products. But, sustaining this level of performance over the longer term will be difficult without addressing several policy and structural constraints, including a myriad of restrictions, subsidies, support prices, sector governance issues, as well as the tiny size of landholdings and years of underinvestment. The Indian Government has asked the World Bank to place special emphasis on agricultural development in its new strategy.

Making development sustainable
Most environmental indicators suggest that growth is extracting an increasing toll on the country's natural resources - water, land, forests, soils and biodiversity - and leaving a larger pollution footprint. India is highly vulnerable to climate change; cyclones, floods and droughts are happening with increasing frequency, and the Himalayan glaciers that feed India’s largest rivers show clear signs of retreat. Indeed, climate change will impact India first and foremost through its water resources. Rising temperatures will also affect agricultural yields, forests, and marine and coastal biodiversity. India will need to better manage these resources (particularly water) and reduce the burden that environmental degradation is imposing on the population, particularly on the most vulnerable groups.

Increasing the effectiveness of service delivery
While much progress has been made on primary school enrollment, improvements have been elusive in other sectors, particularly health. Although deaths from TB have fallen and polio cases have reduced dramatically in 2008, child malnutrition levels are worse than in Sub-Saharan Africa, despite large expenditures. No Indian city provides water 24/7, only half the population has access to safe drinking water, and less than a third has access to sanitation. Public services fall short largely because they have little or no accountability to the ultimate client, and outdated management systems are unable to provide the information needed for decision-making. These issues are particularly acute in centrally sponsored schemes which are designed and funded by the central government but implemented by the states and lower echelons of government. Given the importance of these schemes, systemic improvements in design and governance are crucial to get results from public spending. The Government of India has requested the World Bank to place special emphasis in its new strategy on centrally sponsored schemes that aim to achieve the MDGs. The Bank will focus on increasing accountability to citizens, decentralizing responsibilities, and enhancing private sector participation in the delivery of these services.

Strategies for states
Given India’s enormous size and diversity, the Bank will adopt different strategies for states depending on their needs, stages of development, and capacity for project implementation. Special strategies will also be adopted for the Northeastern and Himalayan states.

Low-income states
The new strategy devotes more resources to engaging with India’s seven low-income states - Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh - which are home to more than half of India’s population. Here, the Bank will focus on poverty reduction and on achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Intensive technical assistance will be provided to help these states develop their administrative capacity. Bank lending to these states will primarily be in the form of low-interest IDA credits as well as technical and advisory services.

Middle-income states
India's richest states already have incomes comparable to lower middle income countries, with incomes being some five times higher than those in the poorest states. This gap is higher than most other democratic societies.In these states, the Bank will provide support on two fronts: fighting poverty in their lagging regions, and addressing the complex challenges emerging from rapid growth. States such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Gujarat, and Maharashtra will be helped to forge the institutions needed in a middle income economy. Cutting-edge analytical work and the best international expertise will be brought to bear upon complex problems where there are yet no clear solutions. Lending to these states will be in the form of competitively priced IBRD loans, with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) – the Bank’s private sector arm – providing support for private sector clients.

Engaging the Center
The World Bank will continue to assist the central government by providing comprehensive analytical work to underpin policy and institutional reform and to improve the implementation of central government projects on the ground. Under the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) for example, while schools are now more accessible and gender parity has been reached, the focus will now be on improving the quality of education provided. In the power sector, the Bank will continue to support Powergrid, India’s national electricity transmission agency, which it has helped to grow into a world-class institution.

Key Studies
The World Bank will also support some key multi-year, cross-sectoral studies on important issues confronting policymakers, including poverty and exclusion, skills and job creation, low-carbon growth, the challenges of rapid urbanization, and the management and development of water resources.

Public Private Partnerships
The World Bank and IFC are collaborating to bring India cutting-edge expertise to deal with emerging issues in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), tailored to India’s needs. While this work has so far been the strongest in infrastructure - power transmission, roads, irrigation and rural infrastructure, urban development - it will now be extended to agribusiness, health and education, and renewable energy. The Bank and IFC are also working together on long-term finance: through the proposed India Infrastructure Finance Co. Ltd. Project (IIFCL).

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Contradictions in the World Banks India Country Assistance Strategy

Comment|Benny Kuruvilla|21 September 2004|update 42|url
The India Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) identifies the operations the World Bank intends to finance for the period 2005-08 and the rationale for these operations. The CAS is ambitious and comprehensive in its coverage; it intends to significantly influence reform in governance at the central and state level, on macro-economic issues as well as in key sectors such as energy, health, water, education, agriculture and trade as its basis for extending loans. On 7 August 2004, representatives of social movements, national alliances and civil society organisations met in New Delhi and issued a statement explicitly rejecting the Bank's strategy for India.

The Bank invited comments on the CAS for less than a month on its website. This was clearly insufficient for a public consultation as it excluded the vast majority of people and groups in India who do not have access to the internet. Moreover the CAS was incomplete; crucial annexes constituting important policy directives (for e.g. guidelines for lending and the private sector development strategy) were unavailable to the public.

The central thread of the document with respect to the power sector is the key role of privatisation and high investment; evident from the fact that the bulk of the Bank's initiatives are dealt with in the section 'promoting private sector led growth'. It is shocking that the Bank continues advocating privatisation as 'the policy option', when there have been serious demonstrated problems, in the Indian power sector. Limitations of the existing regulatory mechanisms to handle private sector actors and market forces, complexities created by the existing information asymmetry, imbalances in service costs to various classes of consumers, and the limited role and ability of civil society organizations to provide checks and balances to market forces need to be taken into account before privatisation attempts can be furthered.

The Bank's plans to offer investments in hydroelectric generation ignore important lessons from the past. With dam projects such as the Sardar Sarovar in the Narmada valley, infrastructure lending has a contentious history in India but the Bank has consistently refused to accept its responsibility for the unresolved social and environmental legacy of its dam projects. Incredulously the CAS claims that some major actors including the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) have started to "improve their environmental and social safeguards practices". By deciding to work with the NHPC the Bank aids an institution that is notorious for brutal displacement without resettlement, no guidelines for public hearing and poor environmental and social assessment. Violations have been reported from almost all the on-going hydro projects of NHPC - from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.

The Bank is appreciative of the recent reduction in average tariffs on agricultural products and advocates for the improvement in the legal framework to enable the easy sale and transfer of lands. The former has already resulted in the dumping of agricultural products, causing a free-fall in farm prices whereas the latter will erode the very livelihood base of India's small-hold and marginal farmers. Considered one of the prime causes of suicides by farmers, it is unimaginable to think of them as solutions to the problems of the agriculture sector. The CAS comes heavily against subsidies in any form and advocates strongly for full recovery of recurring cost of generating and distribution of electricity. Electricity is not just a tradable commodity for farmers. Along with water and farmgate price, it is one the three crucial elements for the sustenance of their occupation.

The Bank also seeks to increase its array of partnerships with local research and academic institutions in both developing its analytical work and disseminating important findings; re-shaped analytical and advisory activities (AAA) will actually promote its reform and private sector-led development paradigm trying to change the country's face of information gathering and dissemination mechanisms. The Bank aims to use its immense financial resources to produce its own version of 'knowledge'. The Bank's strategy here is not to stifle dissent as much as it is to neutralise it... it is more to "normalise" its view of the world and development issues.

The Bank through its reform programmes, knowledge activities and private sector dominated worldview will shape India's policy, economic and social environment. But the extent to which this is possible should be determined by India's democratic institutions. Civil society groups have mounted a campaign calling upon local governments, legislative assemblies and the Indian parliament to reject this document, as it is an affront to the social justice and democratic traditions of the Indian constitution.


Comment by Benny Kuruvilla of Focus on the Global South

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India Inc stops fresh hirings: Assocham
More >>

17 tigers dead in 11 weeks

Polar bears threatened
Birds endangered by energy

Count the stars for light pollution
US toxic pollution declined by 5%

More >>

ET Slide Shows
Shipshape phones
One can load various fitness trainer appl, as they come handy in your cellphone.
Safety tips to keep hackers away
Amid evolving net hacking techniques, learn ways to save your data and money.
Impact of crashing Inflation
A ready recknor on what inflation is and how it is computed.
More >>

ET Headline
Top execs at US cos take home $1 salary

29 Mar 2009, 2040 hrs IST, PTI

US cos posted huge losses except Google & profit margins declined in latest quarter, so senior execs take token salary of $1. Financial crisis I Competitive economies

Markets heading for smart recovery?
Top 10 cos add Rs 91,000 cr in a week; RIL leads pack
ET-Indicus: Peformance Report Card of MPs

Slideshows1405 hrs IST
Earth Hour effect
1216 hrs IST
IIM Ahmedabad new complex
1205 hrs IST
Lakme Fashion Week Day 2
1205 hrs IST
Robot 'Giant Torayan'
1204 hrs IST
Honda's New Activa scooter
1204 hrs IST
Strange and Unusual
1204 hrs IST
Brand Barbie @ Lakme Fashion Week
1204 hrs IST
The second worldwide Earth Hour
1203 hrs IST
Top 9 restaurant openings of 2009
1203 hrs IST
Tesla Model S: All-electric sedan
1202 hrs IST
The first tourist to visit space twice
1201 hrs IST
'405 Club': The club for the laid-off
No British Airways flight to Kolkata from March 30
29 Mar 2009, 2125 hrs IST, IANS

British Airways operating 3 fights a week from Kolkata to Heathrow Airport, decided to suspend operations as it found route unprofitable. Best Airports I Top 10 airports

Air India starts Delhi-Chicago daily flight
Cognizant, Pepsico in 50 best US cos: BusinessWeek
29 Mar 2009, 2030 hrs IST, PTI

IT major Cognizant ranked at 31st spot, while snacks and beverages firm Pepsico, which is at the 40th spot. 10 most admired cos I Biggest dealmakers

2009 will be make or break year for Lakshmi Mittal

All headlines >>News on your MobileLog on to

Know all about Nano!

Nano: A promise is a promise
Six years ago, Tatas spoke of offering a car at Rs 1 lakh, there was considerable level of disbelief but Tatas kept their promise.
Buyers can seek Nano loan from any bank | Making of Nano
Nano & Indica similarities | Nano Europa | Tatas' future roll call
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News by Industry
Airlines ask airports to reduce charges
SBI hints at rate cuts in next fin year
SC dismisses Tata Tele's plea on VAT
No British Airways flight to Kolkata
Sectors: InfoTech| Telecom | Auto | Transport | Energy| Jobs | More >>
Personal Finance
LIC-Corp Bank to launch credit card
Tax benefits for global employees
Insurance renewals go up
Separate EPF kitty for expats
Why to buy Mutual funds
More >>

Markets News
Investor wealth swells by Rs 7 trn
NSE to offload MCX stake
MCX to revive IPO plans
Tata group stocks outshine Sensex
Top 10 auto & auto parts stocks
'India's growth to revive in 2010'
RIS pitches for $50b stimulus package
'Deflation not a threat to economy'
Industry for retail fin in auto sector
Govt for pay hike for CPSE officers

More >>
More >>

Apple's cool, Microsoft's cheap
Now, power your iPod while strolling
L&T starts due diligence to buy Satyam
New tech for Web start-ups rescue
Court rejects Rajus' bail pleas
International Business
Automakers need to do more: Obama
'US ready to aid auto restructuring'
'Be optimistic about economic future'
Citi to lay off 65 office cleaners
Over 121,000 Filipinos' jobs hit

More >>
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Market Analysis
Mutual Funds
Real Estate

Where marketers put their money in 2008
Brokerages point to IFAs to get business
What's in store for DLF shareholders?
Investors lap up large-cap stocks
Sensex seen rising 14 per cent in 2009: Poll
More >>

Top 10 auto & auto parts stocks
Sunidhi Securities recommends ‘BUY’ on Yes Bank for TP Rs 60
Reliance Money upgrades Ranbaxy to ‘BUY’; target price Rs 189
Anand Rathi puts 'buy' on RCOM, target price Rs 260
HSBC cuts target price of L&T, cautious on FY10 outlook

Palash Biswas

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